The Gwandara people of Gwagwa and their ruling history

It is generally believed that the Gwandara speaking people came from Kano state – Nigeria and later settled in their today’s various locations. They migrated at about 1365 to escaped religious persecution or force conversion to Islam. So they left Kano under their leader whose father was a king and they first settled at Karshin-Daji (Fadan-Karshi) in the present day Kaduna state and subsequently Gwandara became their name.


The present Gwandara speaking people of Gwagwa community in Abuja migrated from Gwagwa Keffi (Nasarawa state) during the reign of Sarki Ibrahim Maje Abuchi of Abuja, the then Suleja, which was led by Sarki INJI DA ALLAH who was the chief of Gwagwa right from Gwagwa Keffi at about 1880 before the arrival of the colonial masters rule (white men). On arrival, he met Ibrahim Maje Abuchi the then chief of Abuja (Suleja).


SARKI INJI DA ALLAH and his people were accepted and given a temporary site at Kantoma to settled down for a period of one year. After the elapsed of one year, INJI DA ALLAH requested for a permanent site to settled with his people and he was given the area of Gwazunu, but INJI DA ALLAH rejected the site and complained of a different place which is the present site of Gwagwa as his choice. With this chosen site, Sarki Maje Abuchi told him that he cannot be able to settle there because there are presence of individuals who are residing on the top of the mountain and they are of war-like people, but INJI DA ALLAH said he will make peace with them. Gwagwa people who were great warriors, hunters and farming as their main occupation; were given there to settled down, and later built there defensive wall.


After the death of Sarki Ibrahim Maje Abuchi, Sarki Mamman Gani became the next Chief of Abuja (Suleja) and he reigned for fifteen years, seven months, then came the reigned of Sarki Musa who spent twenty seven years, three months on the throne of Abuja before he died. After the death of Sarki  Musa, came in the Suleiman Barau, the son of Maman Gani who turbaned as the chief of Abuja.  


Here in Gwagwa, Sarki MAMMAN GANI of Abuja Installed Sarki Mamman Sani as the chief of Gwagwa in the year 1912. After his death, Sarki Habu became the chief of Gwagwa, installed by Sarki Suleiman Barau in the year 1945. Sarki Habu ruled for one (1) year, six (6) months and died then Sarki Abdullahi Nagari was installed as the next chief of Gwagwa in the year 1947. The present chief of Gwagwa Alhaji Shuaibu Barau Mamman was also installed by Sarki Suleiman Barau In year 1976 till date.


Historically, Gwagwa has only one ruling house but after the death of Inji Da Allah, the ruling house became two that’s house of MOKOROHO and that of INJI DA ALLAH. Inji Da Allahs house were the Sarki Mamman Sani who ruled between 1912-1942. Then his brother Sarki Habu ruled between 1943-1944. In the second ruling house which is MOKOROHO’s house came in Sarki Abdullahi Nagari who ruled between 1947-1974, then his brother Alhaji Shuaibu Barau Mamman became the chief in the year 1976 till date.


Additionally, Gwagwa has defensive wall known as GANUWA GRA used by European colonial masters. Also it was Gwagwa that registration of tax and collection was made and later sent to Abuja (Suleja). Presently, Gwagwa has the population of over 100,000 people and other villages like Jiwa and its environs are currently settled on Gwagwa farmland – according to history narrated…. .. . to be continued!


Reference: Ibrahim Musa – Ciroma (Gwagwa) | Edited & Posted by: Musa Muhammed-Mustapha.

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